How to Administer CPR


When cardiac emergencies arise, there is not much time before medical attention becomes necessary. A few minutes can make all the difference in these kinds of situations. By knowing what to do ahead of time and acting quickly, you can save lives in pool and other cardiac emergencies.

While CPR used to consist of cycles of rescue breathing and chest compressions, experts have found that the rescue breathing may be unnecessary (and even detrimental). Instead, the focus should be on the chest compressions. Read our tips on safe CPR administration and be prepared for pool emergencies.

Check the Situation

If an emergency arises, first check the surroundings and make sure the situation is safe. Check on the person in question, forcefully tapping his or her shoulder in an attempt to rouse them. If they remain unresponsive, check for breathing and a pulse. If both are absent, call Emergency Medical Services (this usually means 911 unless you are in a public swimming area) and then proceed with CPR.

Chest Compressions

Make sure the person is lying flat on his or her back. Stack your hands on top of each other, palms down, and kneel next to the person. Place your hands on the center of the chest (on the sternum between the nipples) and press downward, keeping your arms straight. You should use a rhythm of about 100 compressions per minute, and press down up to a few inches.

By following these steps in a cardiac emergency, you can save lives. However, taking a formal CPR training class is recommended.

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